Re: Understanding the Output

*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net*Subject*: [mg32808] Re: Understanding the Output*From*: Erk Jensen <Erk.Jensen at cern.ch>*Date*: Thu, 14 Feb 2002 01:43:22 -0500 (EST)*Organization*: CERN http://www.cern.ch*References*: <a4au3v$bs9$1@smc.vnet.net>*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

Steven Spear wrote: > > Hi. I'm having trouble understanding some output in Mathematica. If I enter > Int [x-1] dx, the output I receive is ((-2/3) + (2x/3)) Sqrt(-1+x). If I do > the calculation by hand, I get 2/3.(x-1)^3/2. If I perform: > FullSimplify(((-2/3) + (2x/3)) Sqrt(-1+x)), I get the same answer > (2/3.(x-1)^3/2). > > With trying to use u-substitution, and figuring more complex Integrals, it > get harder to discern the output. For instance: I tried to evaluate the > Integral Int [x^3 (1-x^4)^5] dx. I may not be correct, but by hand I got > 1/24.(1-x^4)^6. Mathematica gave a very different output, and using > FullSimplify didn't seem to help. > > Is there any way to get Mathematica to output these values a little > differently? Am I incorrect on the second example? Any ideas will be > appreciated. Thanks, Steve Hi Steve, I don't have a problem with the first output, since it is the same that you get. In the second case, try Simplify[Integrate[x^3 (1-x^4)^5,x]-1/24] and you'll be happy. Remember that to the indefinite integral you can always add an arbitrary constant, which happens to be different, und thus, simplification didn't work the way you expected. The result is however correct Cheers -erk- -- Dr.-Ing. Erk JENSEN mailto:Erk.Jensen at cern.ch CERN PS/RF L19510 http://cern.ch/Erk.Jensen CH-1211 Geneva 23 Tel.: +41 22 76 74298 Switzerland Fax.: +41 22 76 78510