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Re: Replacement problem

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg36961] Re: Replacement problem
  • From: carlos at (Carlos Felippa)
  • Date: Thu, 3 Oct 2002 00:16:54 -0400 (EDT)
  • References: <anbop9$e93$> <ane7e5$k79$>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

Jens-Peer Kuska <kuska at> wrote in message news:<ane7e5$k79$1 at>...
> Hi,
> Sqrt[a] is internal Power[a,Rational[1,2]] and
> 1/Sqrt[a] is interal Power[a,Rational[-1,2]] 
> and so a rule Sqrt[a]->q will not match with
> 1/Sqrt[a]. You need
> f = B*(A + Sqrt[X + Y + Z]) + C/(Sqrt[X + Y + Z]/4*F^2);
> (f /. (X + Y + Z)^Rational[n_, 2] -> Q^n)
> Regards
>   Jens

Thanks.  That is exactly what I need for the Sqrt. These and similar rules 
ought to be in the help Examples under \. and \\.

I should clarify three things. First, why use of FullForm is 
impractical.  The source expressions I am dealing with are highly complex, 
with thousands of terms. The subexpressions to be replaced appear in 
hundreds of places, in many nested combinations.  Detailed eye 
examination after each run would take a long time.

Second, the operation subexpression->letter is used as preparation
for conversion of those expressions to C.  The "letters" will be names
of "temps" (temporary variables) in C code.  Upon replacing all 
subexpressions the source contracts to about 1-5% of original size.

Third, there is a brute force replacement method which can be used (and was):  
output in InputForm, save cell as text, use a smart text editor that 
ignores blanks and CRs (e.g. emacs), and re-input for C conversion.  
This is cumbersome (the text has to be telnet'd to a Unix machine 
and back) and error prone but available as last resort.

Perhaps a future version of Mathematica may incorporate a <- operator
for this kind of "reverse expansion" to extract common subexpressions.
The output would be the contracted expression and a temps list.

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