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Airy's Gi(x) function; asymptotic matching and asymptotic limits
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg43783] Airy's Gi(x) function; asymptotic matching and asymptotic limits
*From*: "Curt Fischer" <crf3 at po.cwru.edu>
*Date*: Sat, 4 Oct 2003 02:05:01 -0400 (EDT)
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
Dear Group,
Recently I had to solve the differential equation y''[x] - x y[x] == -1,
with one known boundary condition y'[0]==0.
The general solution is conveniently written as C[1] AiryAi[x] + C[2]
AiryBi[x] + Pi airyGi[x]. One of the constants can be solved for with
respect to the other
Question 1:
Mathematica does not have the airyGi[x] function built-in. It returns the
solution
\!\(1\/2\ \((2\ \@3\ AiryAi[x]\ C[2] + 2\ AiryBi[x]\ C[2] -
2\ x\^2\ Hypergeometric0F1[4\/3,
x\^3\/9]\ HypergeometricPFQ[{1\/3}, {2\/3, 4\/3}, x\^3\/9] +
x\^2\ Hypergeometric0F1[2\/3,
x\^3\/9]\ HypergeometricPFQ[{2\/3}, {4\/3, 5\/3}, x\^3\/9])\)\)
which is a big messy expression involving AiryAi[x], AiryBi[x], and
hypergeometric functions. Does anyone know how I can relate this
hypergeometric stuff is equal to airyGi[x] == Integrate[Sin[t^3 + z t]
dz,{t,0,infinity}] ?
Question 2: When I solved my problem analytically, I was interested in
evaluating the unknown integration constant by asymptotic matching to
another function which I knew. This worked great on paper, but Mathematica
could not take the limit of
2\ x\^2\ Hypergeometric0F1[4\/3,
x\^3\/9]\ HypergeometricPFQ[{1\/3}, {2\/3, 4\/3}, x\^3\/9] +
x\^2\ Hypergeometric0F1[2\/3,
x\^3\/9]\ HypergeometricPFQ[{2\/3}, {4\/3, 5\/3}, x\^3\/9])\)\)
Is there a way to evaluate this limit in Mathematica? Also, in general is
there anyway to get the an "asymptotic limit" of a function in Mathematica?
For example, airyGi[x] -> 1/(Pi x) for large x. Is there any way to elicit
this type of info about a function from Mathematica?
(See Abramowitz and Stegun, 1974, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, for
this and other info on Airy functions.)
thanks for any help anyone can provide,
Curt Fischer
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