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MathGroup Archive 2005

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Re: Pattern Matching

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg58243] Re: Pattern Matching
  • From: "Carl K. Woll" <carlw at u.washington.edu>
  • Date: Fri, 24 Jun 2005 02:50:04 -0400 (EDT)
  • Organization: University of Washington
  • References: <d9e0bc$g6i$1@smc.vnet.net>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

"Jeff" <jmcolon at gmail.com> wrote in message 
news:d9e0bc$g6i$1 at smc.vnet.net...
> Given a list of numbers, t = {0, -1, 0, -1, -2, -3, -4,-3,-4,-5}, I
> would like to extract those numbers that are less than or equal to the
> starting value by, for example, at least 2, but once the first (and
> each subsequent) match is found, I would the starting value to drop by
> 2.  So for the list t, the output would be {-2, -4}.
>
> I can use Cases or map using If[ ] on the list to extract those
> elements that are less than or equal to -2, but I'm having difficutly
> in figuring out how to change the starting value to be applied to
> subsequent elements of the list.
>
> Given my example, I could just extract all the multiples of 2 in the
> list, but I would like the starting value to change by a fixed
> percentage or combination of fixed number and percentage.
>
> Thanks,
> Jeff
>

One possibility is to use Reap and Sow:

In[10]:=
s=First[t];
Reap[If[#\[LessEqual]s-2,Sow[#];s=s-2]&/@t][[2,1]]

Out[11]=
{-2,-4}

Carl Woll
Wolfram Research 



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