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MathGroup Archive 2005

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Re: Nested iterators in Compile

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg55019] Re: Nested iterators in Compile
  • From: "Carl K. Woll" <carlw at>
  • Date: Thu, 10 Mar 2005 05:24:18 -0500 (EST)
  • Organization: University of Washington
  • References: <d0mo9g$75h$>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at


A workaround that shouldn't affect performance is to write out the nested Do 
loops explicitly:

Module[{s = 0},
        Do[s += j, {j, i}],
        {i, n}

The above returned 220 without problems.

Carl Woll

"Maxim" <ab_def at> wrote in message 
news:d0mo9g$75h$1 at
> The fact that iterators work differently when used in Compile seems to
> lead to a serious limitation:
> In[1]:=
> Compile[{n},
>   Module[{s = 0},
>     Do[s += j, {i, n}, {j, i}];
>     s
> ]][10]
> CompiledFunction::cfse: Compiled expression i should be a machine-size
> real number.
> CompiledFunction::cfex: External evaluation error at instruction 4;
> proceeding with uncompiled evaluation.
> Out[1]=
> 220
> The iterator {j, i} is evaluated before any value is assigned to i, and
> the evaluation of the compiled code fails (and if we add the
> initialization i=0 before Do, we'll only get an empty loop as the result,
> unlike the uncompiled version). So we have to resort to some workarounds
> such as changing the inner iterator to {j, n} and adding If[j>i,
> Continue[]] to the loop body, which of course decreases the performance.
> Maxim Rytin
> m.r at

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