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MathGroup Archive 2005

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Re: Re: Best construct for control structure

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg60088] Re: [mg60070] Re: Best construct for control structure
  • From: "E. Martin-Serrano" <EmilioMartin-Serrano at wanadoo.es>
  • Date: Thu, 1 Sep 2005 06:43:19 -0400 (EDT)
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

Maybe you are looking for this (from Maeders' Programming in Mathematica)

Attributes[Until] = {HoldAll}
Until[body_, test_] := Module[ {t}, For[ t=False, !t, t=test, body ] ]


E. martin-Serrano

-----Original Message-----
From: Carl K. Woll [mailto:carlw at u.washington.edu] 
To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
Subject: [mg60088] [mg60070] Re: Best construct for control structure

"Usenet poster" wrote:
> Dear Mathematica gurus,
>
> I'm trying to learn the right way to code a homebrew control structure. As

> a
> example, I've tried coding the following (of course, a For could also do
> it):
>
> In[77]:=
> myRepeat[expr_,cond_]:=(ReleaseHold[expr];
>    While[ReleaseHold[cond],ReleaseHold[expr]])
> Attributes[myRepeat]={HoldAll};
> In[79]:=
> x=0;
> Trace[myRepeat[x++,x<2]]
> x
> Out[80]=
> {myRepeat[x++,x<2],ReleaseHold[x++];
>  While[ReleaseHold[x<2],ReleaseHold[x++]],{{x++,{x,0},{x=1,1},0},
>    ReleaseHold[0],
>    0},{While[ReleaseHold[x<2],ReleaseHold[x++]],{{{x,1},1<2,True},
>      ReleaseHold[True],True},{{x++,{x,1},{x=2,2},1},ReleaseHold[1],
>      1},{{{x,2},2<2,False},ReleaseHold[False],False},Null},Null}
> Out[81]=
> 2
>
> While (pun intended) the result is indeed correct as the trace shows, I
> wonder if there isn't a much better way to have cond and expr somehow hold
> without having to call ReleaseHold that much times. I may be completely
> misguided, but I see this as a inelegant inefficency.
>

There is no reason to use ReleaseHold in your code. Simply remove all of 
them, and everythings works fine. As an alternative, you may just use the 
single argument form of While:

SetAttributes[repeat, HoldAll]
repeat[expr_, cond_] := While[expr; cond]

For your example we have:

In[5]:=
x=0;

In[6]:=
repeat[x++,x<2]//Trace
Out[6]=
{repeat[x++,x<2],
While[x++;x<2],{x++;x<2,{x++,{x,0},{x=1,1},0},{{x,1},1<2,True},True},{x++;
x<2,{x++,{x,1},{x=2,2},1},{{x,2},2<2,False},False},Null}

In[7]:=
x
Out[7]=
2

> Or, are Mathematica control structures (For, While, ...) totally
> different from other
> functions, inherently, that we just can't think about building ours
> (efficiently and robustly, I mean).
> -- 
> You        usenet
> can              at
> reach              q-e-d
> me                      dot
> here                       org
>

Carl Woll
Wolfram Research 





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