       Re: Vector operations,

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg70018] Re: [mg69993] Vector operations,
• From: Murray Eisenberg <murray at math.umass.edu>
• Date: Sat, 30 Sep 2006 05:12:52 -0400 (EDT)
• Organization: Mathematics & Statistics, Univ. of Mass./Amherst
• References: <200609291048.GAA22401@smc.vnet.net>
• Reply-to: murray at math.umass.edu

```I presume you used:

<<Geometry`Rotations`

Let's take, for example:

mat = RotationMatrix2D[Pi/3];

If you had wanted to rotate a single vector, say

v={1,2}

by that matrix, you would use the dot product:

mat.v

Now the dot infix notation is an abbreviation for the actual function
involved, namely, Dot.  That is, the expression "mat.v" is shorthand for:

Dot[mat, v]

So you have a two-argument function Dot that you want to use with a
fixed first argument (mat) but various second arguments.  The standard
way to handle this in Mathematica is to form a pure function like this:

Dot[mat, #]&

(That's a nameless function that dots things with mat.)

Finally, to cause this function to act upon each of the vectors in a
list of vectors such as....

vectors = {{1/2, 1/2}, {1, 0}, {0, 1}, {0, 0}};

use the function Map:

Map[Dot[mat, #]&, vectors]

The result will be the desired list of rotated vectors.

One more thing, to avoid the nested brackets, you can use the
abbreviation func /@ lis instead of Map[func, lis].  With this
abbreviation, then, the desired expression to rotate all the vectors is:

Dot[mat, #]& /@ vectors

Of course if you're going to be repeatedly rotating vectors by the same
angle, you may want to define a function to do it:

rot[vec_] := mat.vec

Then to rotate all the vectors in the list at once:

Map[rot, vectors]

or, abbreviated:

rot /@ vectors

Isn't that nice!

mickey wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have a list of vectors such as
>
> {{1/2, 1/2}, {1, 0}, {0, 1}, {0, 0}}
>
> I want to rotate them all by the same angle. Right now, what I do is
> multiply each by RotationMatrix2D[t] and iterate over the list. Is there
> a more efficient way to do this?
>
> Thanks,
> -M
>
>

--
Murray Eisenberg                     murray at math.umass.edu
Mathematics & Statistics Dept.
Lederle Graduate Research Tower      phone 413 549-1020 (H)
University of Massachusetts                413 545-2859 (W)
710 North Pleasant Street            fax   413 545-1801
Amherst, MA 01003-9305

```

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