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Re: recording singularities of NDSolve

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg80529] Re: recording singularities of NDSolve
  • From: Peter Pein <petsie at>
  • Date: Fri, 24 Aug 2007 02:03:34 -0400 (EDT)
  • References: <fajnb6$pcs$>

Judith Bunder schrieb:
> Hi,
> I have to solve a system of simultaneous equations and I have to solve them
> several times with varying initial conditions. I use something like this:
> Do[{c1 = i/imax, c2 = j /jmax,
>     sol[i, j] = First@NDSolve[eqns, coup, {t, 0,
>      100}]}, {j, 1, 5}, {i, 1, 5}]
> So, I solve the the problem 25 times with 5 different j values and 5 different
> i values. The variables c1 and c2 are the variable initial conditions. I have
> no problems with this part. 
> My problem is, sometimes the solution diverges. This is good, I'm looking for
> divergent points. But, I want some method of recording where the solution
> diverges. I get the warning messages:
> NDSolve::ndsz At t=18.28484703670573` step size is effectively zero;
> singularity or stiff system suspected. 
> so I could manually record this value of t. But, this isn't practical as
> several of my 25 solutions are usually divergent (and I also need to record
> the value of i and j). Is there any way to define something like t-div[i,j]
> which will record all these points where my solution diverges?
> Thanks in advance,
> Judy  

Hi Judy,

you'll find the questionable value as f[[1,1,2]] where f is the
InterpolatingFunction object:

Check[result = g /. First[NDSolve[{Derivative[1][g][x] == g[x]^2,
       g[0] == 1}, g, {x, 0, 2}]],
  Print["suspected singularity at x=", result[[1,1,2]] ]

NDSolve::ndsz :
At x == 0.9999997907551139`, step size is effectively zero; singularity
or stiff system suspected. More...

>From In[1]:=
"suspected singularity at x="0.9999997907551139


Note that NDSolve shall find a solution for 0<=x<=2. But because
x->1/(1-x) has got a singularity at x0=1 it integrates the equation as
it can and you can see from the output that result[[1]] is {{0.,1.}} and
therefore result[[1,1,2]] is the upper bound of the interval for which a
solution has been found.


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