[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
Definite Integration vs Newton-Leibniz formula
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg74314] Definite Integration vs Newton-Leibniz formula
*From*: "dimitris" <dimmechan at yahoo.com>
*Date*: Sun, 18 Mar 2007 00:48:32 -0500 (EST)
Consider the following function
f[x_] = Sin[x^3]Log[x]
Then
Integrate[f[x], {x, 0, 1}]
{% // N, NIntegrate[f[x], {x, 0, 1}]}
(-(1/16))*HypergeometricPFQ[{2/3, 2/3}, {3/2, 5/3, 5/3}, -(1/4)]
{-0.060865478966467726, -0.06086547896286495}
Let evaluate first the indefinite integral and then apply the Newton-
Leibniz formula.
F[x_] = Integrate[Sin[x^3]Log[x], x]
(1/(6*x^2))*(-3*I*x^3*HypergeometricPFQ[{1/3, 1/3}, {4/3, 4/3}, (-
I)*x^3] +
3*I*x^3*HypergeometricPFQ[{1/3, 1/3}, {4/3, 4/3}, I*x^3] +
(3*(((-I)*x^3)^(2/3) + (I*x^3)^(2/3))*Gamma[4/3] - ((-
I)*x^3)^(2/3)*Gamma[1/3, (-I)*x^3] - (I*x^3)^(2/3)*Gamma[1/3,
I*x^3])*Log[x])
Limit[F[x], x -> 1, Direction -> 1] - Limit[F[x], x -> 0, Direction ->
-1]
(1/2)*I*(-HypergeometricPFQ[{1/3, 1/3}, {4/3, 4/3}, -I] +
HypergeometricPFQ[{1/3, 1/3}, {4/3, 4/3}, I])
Of course
%//N//Chop
-0.060865478966467726
as it should be.
But why the definite integral return a different value?
I believe that integrals like the above are evaluated by first
determination of the antiderivative and then evaluation
at endpoints.
Using a code for Limit adopted from a post Daniel Lichtblau, in order
to see what limits are evaluated
by Integrate I got more confused.
Unprotect[Limit];
Limit[a___] := Null /; (Print[InputForm[limit[a]]]; False)
Integrate[f[x],{x,0,1}]
limit[0, x -> 0, Direction -> -1, Assumptions -> True]
limit[(-1 + x)^2*(3*Cos[1] - Sin[1]/2) + (-1 + x)*Sin[1], x -> 1,
Direction -> 1,
Assumptions -> True]
(-(1/16))*HypergeometricPFQ[{2/3, 2/3}, {3/2, 5/3, 5/3}, -(1/4)]
Can somebody give me insight what is going?
Thanks a lot
Dimitris
Prev by Date:
**RE: Re: Animate command on ListPlot:**
Next by Date:
**TraditionalForm[HoldForm[...]] query**
Previous by thread:
**Re: Two successive FindMinimum -> Bug?**
Next by thread:
** Re: Definite Integration vs Newton-Leibniz formula**
| |