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MathGroup Archive 2007

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Re: rotating rings illusion

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg80811] Re: rotating rings illusion
  • From: Szabolcs <szhorvat at gmail.com>
  • Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2007 02:59:07 -0400 (EDT)
  • Organization: University of Bergen
  • References: <fbar32$qgu$1@smc.twtelecom.net>

Imran Akbar wrote:
> Hi,
>    i'm just starting to use mathematica...
> 
> i'm trying to mathematically model the two rotating rings illusion as shown
> in this video:
> http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3761503348838584940&hl=en
> 

I am sure that there are better ways than the following, but this one 
works too ;-)  You did not mention what Mathematica version you are 
using, so I will assume 6.0.

> 1)  how do you create a ring in mathematica?  i found the circle command,
> but that's only 2d.

torus[radius_: 1, thickness_: 1] :=
   ParametricPlot3D[
     {Cos[u] (radius + thickness/2 Cos[v]),
      Sin[u] (radius + thickness/2 Cos[v]),
      thickness/2 Sin[v]},
     {u, 0, 2 Pi}, {v, 0, 2 Pi}]

> 2)  how can I orient each ring so that they're perpendicular to each other?

Get the graphics data from inside the Graphics3D[],

tt = First[torus[10]];

and use Rotate[],

gr = Graphics3D[{Rotate[tt, Pi/2, {1,0,0}], tt}]

BTW the rings on the video you posted are not perpendicular to each other.

> 3)  how do I vary the # of rotations per minute in an animation?
> 

Manipulate[
  Graphics3D[Rotate[First[gr], j, {1, 1, 1}],
   PlotRange -> {{-11, 11}, {-11, 11}, {-11, 11}}], {j, 0, 2 Pi}]

Use the interactive animation controls.

> much obliged,
> imran
> 
> 


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