Re: rotating rings illusion

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg80811] Re: rotating rings illusion
• From: Szabolcs <szhorvat at gmail.com>
• Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2007 02:59:07 -0400 (EDT)
• Organization: University of Bergen
• References: <fbar32\$qgu\$1@smc.twtelecom.net>

```Imran Akbar wrote:
> Hi,
>    i'm just starting to use mathematica...
>
> i'm trying to mathematically model the two rotating rings illusion as shown
> in this video:
>

I am sure that there are better ways than the following, but this one
works too ;-)  You did not mention what Mathematica version you are
using, so I will assume 6.0.

> 1)  how do you create a ring in mathematica?  i found the circle command,
> but that's only 2d.

ParametricPlot3D[
thickness/2 Sin[v]},
{u, 0, 2 Pi}, {v, 0, 2 Pi}]

> 2)  how can I orient each ring so that they're perpendicular to each other?

Get the graphics data from inside the Graphics3D[],

tt = First[torus[10]];

and use Rotate[],

gr = Graphics3D[{Rotate[tt, Pi/2, {1,0,0}], tt}]

BTW the rings on the video you posted are not perpendicular to each other.

> 3)  how do I vary the # of rotations per minute in an animation?
>

Manipulate[
Graphics3D[Rotate[First[gr], j, {1, 1, 1}],
PlotRange -> {{-11, 11}, {-11, 11}, {-11, 11}}], {j, 0, 2 Pi}]

Use the interactive animation controls.

> much obliged,
> imran
>
>

```

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