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Re: Re: Collect exponents only

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  • Subject: [mg101428] Re: Re: [mg101385] Collect exponents only
  • From: Alexei Boulbitch <Alexei.Boulbitch at>
  • Date: Tue, 7 Jul 2009 05:05:39 -0400 (EDT)

Dear Andrzej,

I realized that I cannot understand, how does one of the methods that you give here work. It is the following:  

Simplify /@ (A*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*x] + A^2*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*y])

A^2 E^(I x) + A E^(I y)

On what elements do you map Simplify here? I would be grateful for any explanation.

Thank you, Alexei

On 4 Jul 2009, at 19:43, Francisco Rojas wrote:

> Hello,
> I was wondering if there's anyway to ask the command Simplify (or
> maybe some other command) to only collect terms in the exponents of a
> long expression (which contains complex exponentials by the way) and
> not perform any other kind of simplification.
> For example I have an expression like this:
> A Exp[ I (x+y) - I x] + A^2 Exp[ I (x+y) - I y]           ( I is the
> the imaginary unit )
> Mathematica does two simplications here: it simplifies the terms in
> the exponents and factors out the A giving:
> A (Exp[ I y] + Exp[I x])
> whereas I would like to obtain only the exponents simplification,
> i.e.   A^2 Exp[ I y] + A Exp[ I x]
> Anybody knows how to do this?
> Thanks in advance,
> Francisco

There is a vary large number of ways. For example:

(A*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*x] + A^2*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*y]) /. Exp[p_] :>  
A^2 E^(I x) + A E^(I y


Expand[Simplify[A*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*x] + A^2*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*y]]]
A^2*E^(I*x) + A*E^(I*y)


Simplify /@ (A*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*x] + A^2*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*y])

A^2 E^(I x) + A E^(I y)

or even

Simplify[A*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*x] + A^2*Exp[I*(x + y) - I*y],  
ExcludedForms -> A^2]
A^2*E^(I*x) + A*E^(I*y)

Andrzej Kozlowski

Alexei Boulbitch, Dr., habil.
Senior Scientist

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