[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
Re: Re: Finding Clusters
Szabolcs Horvát wrote:
> On 2009.11.04. 7:34, Fred Simons wrote:
>
>> Here is a very short, very fast but not very simple solution:
>>
>> components[lst_List] := Module[{f},
>> Do[Set @@ f /@ pair, {pair, lst}]; GatherBy[Union @@ lst, f]]
>>
>>
>
> I enjoyed Fred Simons's solution tremendously.
>
> I tried to speed it up a bit.
>
> I compared the speed of components[] with the speed of WeakComponents
> (from the GraphUtilities package) for random graphs (e.g.
> RandomInteger[50000, {30000, 2}]). It seems that components[] is faster
> than WeakComponents for as long as the graph doesn't have very large
> connected components. However, as soon as large connected components
> appear, components[] slows down a lot.
>
> I looked into the source of WeakComponents to find out how it works, but
> it turns out it uses undocumented functions, such as
> SparseArray`StronglyConnectedComponents
>
> The reason for the slowdown of components[] when large connected
> components are present is that the f[] function needs to be evaluated in
> several steps. E.g. for the graph {{1,2},{2,3},{3,4}}, the definition
> of f will include f[1]=f[2], f[2]=f[3], f[3]=f[4], so the evaluation of
> f[1] will take 3 steps.
>
> I tried to remedy this by changing f so that it re-defines itself each
> time the left-hand-side of a particular definition can be evaluated
> further. With the above example, evaluating f[1] would cause the
> definition of f[1] to change from f[1]=f[2] to f[1]=f[4] (as f[2]
> evaluates to f[4]). Here's the solution:
>
> setSpecial[lhs_, rhs_] /; rhs =!= lhs :=
> (lhs := With[{val = #1}, lhs := #0[val]; val] &[rhs])
>
> components2[lst_List] :=
> Module[{f},
> Do[setSpecial @@ f /@ pair, {pair, lst}];
> GatherBy[Union @@ lst, f]
> ]
>
> This modified components2[] seems to be faster than WeakComponents[]
> even for single-component random graphs, however, it is limited by
> $RecursionLimit (which can't be increased indefinitely without risking a
> crash)
>
> Szabolcs
>
> P.S. Here's the code I used to compare the speed of components[] and
> WeakComponents[]. For 'a' greater than about 0.5 components[] gets slow.
>
> a = 0.7;
>
> tw = Table[
> g = RandomInteger[n, {Ceiling[a n], 2}];
> {n, First@Timing[WeakComponents[Rule @@@ g]]},
> {n, 2^Range[11, 16]}
> ]
>
> tc = Table[
> g = RandomInteger[n, {Ceiling[a n], 2}];
> {n, First@Timing[components[g]]},
> {n, 2^Range[11, 16]}
> ]
>
> tc2 = Table[
> g = RandomInteger[n, {Ceiling[a n], 2}];
> {n, First@Timing[components2[g]]},
> {n, 2^Range[11, 16]}
> ]
>
> ListLogLogPlot[{tw, tc, tc2}, Joined -> True,
> PlotMarkers -> Automatic]
>
>
Another late to the party post. I think this topic was discussed back in
2005, and I think the quickest solution then was found in my post:*
http://tinyurl.com/ylon3hr*
Anyway, the solution was:
aggs[n_, pairs_] := Module[{sp, t},
sp = SparseArray[Thread[pairs -> 1], {n, n}];
t = Sign[sp + Transpose[sp]];
SparseArray`StronglyConnectedComponents[t]]
Here, the pairs argument needs to be a list of pairs of positive
integers, and n is the maximum of these integers. A quick comparison
with components2 follows:
In[51]:= g = RandomInteger[{1, 10^4}, {7000, 2}];
r1 = components2[g]; // Timing
r2 = aggs[10^4, g]; // Timing
Sort[Sort /@ DeleteCases[r1, {_}]] === Sort[Sort /@ DeleteCases[r2, {_}]]
Out[52]= {0.499, Null}
Out[53]= {0.016, Null}
Out[54]= True
So, about 30 times faster.
Carl Woll
Wolfram Research
Prev by Date:
**Re: Finding Clusters**
Next by Date:
**Re: Re: Finding Clusters**
Previous by thread:
**Re: Finding Clusters**
Next by thread:
**Re: Finding Clusters**
| |