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Re: Finding and changing strings in a matrix


Hi Jagra,

Pattern matching and replacement will do the trick:

Transpose[
 Transpose[
   myData] //. {p : _?NumberQ .., x_?NumberQ, y_?StringQ, z___} :> {p,
     x, x, z}]

The replacement is done on the columns, so that's why I used the
Transpose first. After pattern matching Transpose is used again to
restore them.

Cheers -- Sjoerd

On Jan 22, 12:39 pm, Jagra <jagra24... at mypacks.net> wrote:
> Hi everyone!
>
> I have a matrix with {500, 20} dimensions.  Some random positions in
> each column have text strings in them instead of numbers.  While it
> can happen, the text strings do not typically appear across an entire
> row of data.
>
> I need to find the text strings and replace them by the values
> immediately above them.  In the case where the matrix has consecutive
> text strings I need to replace them with the first number above the
> run of strings.
>
> Here's a part of the data file so you get the idea of what I start
> with:
>
> myData ={{5217.61, 10163.8, 5844.44}, {5196.81, 10142.1, 5831.21},
> {5293.99,
>   10183.5, 5930.53}, {5328.66, 10378., 5945.69}, {5372.38, "-",
>   5957.44}, {5402.41, 10536.9, "-"}, {"-", 10494.7, "-"}, {"-",
>   10634.2, 6002.92}, {5437.61, 10638.1, 6011.55}, {5397.86, 10546.4,
>   5957.43}, {5412.88, "-", "-"}};
>
> myData // MatrixForm
>
> I want to get rid of all "-"s and replace them with the numbers most
> directly above them.
>
> I guess I could do this with loops, but that seems like a waste of
> Mathematica's power.
>
> I've tried using Rest[myData] and Most[myData] then using Position to
> identify where one of the matrices had strings and the other didn't
> then using that to replace the strings in the original data.  But I
> run into a snag when I have consecutive strings.
>
> I hope someone can help.  Cool forum, lots to learn!  Thanks.
>
> Jagra



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