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Re: Pattern matching

  • To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
  • Subject: [mg116587] Re: Pattern matching
  • From: Leonid Shifrin <lshifr at gmail.com>
  • Date: Mon, 21 Feb 2011 04:19:47 -0500 (EST)
  • References: <ijo54e$lf0$1@smc.vnet.net>

It is not an alternative in a strict sense. Look at the FullForm:

In[108]:= x:_:0//FullForm

Out[108]//FullForm= Optional[Pattern[x,Blank[]],0]

In[110]:= x_.//FullForm

Out[110]//FullForm= Optional[Pattern[x,Blank[]]]

In the second case, you are relying on the default values for the head
surrounding the pattern
(Plus in the case of the original problem). In the first case, you specify
the default value yourself.
In other words, in the first case the default belongs to the pattern, while
in the second - to the
surrounding function. And this form is surely documented, have a look at
Optional, the second
paragraph under More Information section.

Regards,
Leonid


On Sun, Feb 20, 2011 at 5:16 AM, Alexey <lehin.p at gmail.com> wrote:

> On 19 =D1=84=D0=B5=D0=B2, 15:13, Leonid Shifrin <lshifr at gmail.com> wrote:
> > Could do this:
> >
> > In[1]:= f[u] /. f[u + x : _ : 0] -> x
> >
> > Out[1]= 0
> >
> > Regards,
> > Leonid
>
> Is the form "x : _ : 0" a non-standard alternative to "x_."? Btw I
> cannot find where this form is documented.



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