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Re: Solve output depends on previous attempt with bad syntax
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg132511] Re: Solve output depends on previous attempt with bad syntax
*From*: Kevin <kjm at KevinMcCann.com>
*Date*: Fri, 4 Apr 2014 03:56:58 -0400 (EDT)
*Delivered-to*: l-mathgroup@mail-archive0.wolfram.com
*Delivered-to*: l-mathgroup@wolfram.com
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*References*: <lhiuav$de5$1@smc.vnet.net>
You could have anticipated this by noting two things:
(1) The symbol y1 is now black instead of blue, which means that it has
a value (b+a x1) in this case;
(2) The use of the "=" itself is the reason.
The second execution was looking for a solution to
a x1 + b == a x1 +b, a x2 + b == a x2 + b
Which is why you got the null answer, since a,b can be anything.
To prevent this and other problems with previously used variables, I
would generally include
Clear[a,b,x1,x2,y1,y2]
in the same cell as the Solve.
Kevin
On 4/3/2014 2:15 AM, Alain Cochard wrote:
> First, the correct solution of a linear system of 2 equations with 2
> unknowns, for reference.
>
> Mathematica 9.0 for Linux x86 (64-bit)
> Copyright 1988-2013 Wolfram Research, Inc.
>
> In[1]:= Solve[{y1==a x1 +b, y2==a x2 +b},{a,b}]
>
> -y1 + y2 x2 y1 - x1 y2
> Out[1]= {{a -> -(--------), b -> -(-------------)}}
> x1 - x2 x1 - x2
>
> Now, starting a new Mathematica session, assume I make a mistake, using '='
> instead of '==', I get an error message -- so far, so good:
>
> Mathematica 9.0 for Linux x86 (64-bit)
> Copyright 1988-2013 Wolfram Research, Inc.
>
> In[1]:= Solve[{y1=a x1 +b, y2=a x2 +b},{a,b}]
>
> Solve::naqs: b + a x1 && b + a x2 is not a quantified system
> of equations and inequalities.
>
> Out[1]= Solve[{b + a x1, b + a x2}, {a, b}]
>
> Realizing my mistake, I retry with the proper syntax:
>
> In[2]:= Solve[{y1==a x1 +b, y2==a x2 +b},{a,b}]
>
> Out[2]= {{}}
>
> which is obviously not the correct result.
>
> Is there a rationale here, i.e., could I have anticipated this output?
>
> Thank you,
> Alain
>
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