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Re: Algorithm used in NDSolve

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  • Subject: Re: Algorithm used in NDSolve
  • From: keiper
  • Date: Mon, 26 Jul 93 09:18:50 CDT

John Gear (rmaxg at writes

	> Does anyone know what algorithm is used in NDSolve?
	> Is it Gear's method?

This question has come up so many times that I know the exact reference
without having to look it up:  Course Notes of the 1992 Mathematica
Conferences: Numerical Computation in Mathematica, by Jerry B. Keiper
and David Withoff (available from Wolfram Research, Inc.), page 46:

   Initial value problems can be classified as either ``stiff'' or
   ``non-stiff''.  Stiff problems are distinguished from non-stiff
   problems in that stiff problems have interacting components that
   vary on widely different scales.  NDSolve[ ] uses the Adams
   predictor-corrector method to handle non-stiff problems, and
   backward differentiation formulae (i.e., Gear's method) for
   stiff problems.  NDSolve[ ] automatically detects the existence
   of stiffness and chooses the correct method.  The whole process
   is transparent to the user so that a novice does not even have
   to understand what stiffness is or recognize the presence of it.

	> What is the order of the method and can the order be varied?

The algorithm is state-of-the-art and automatically chooses the order
based on the local behavior of the function and the PrecisionGoal.

Jerry B. Keiper
keiper at
Wolfram Research, Inc.

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