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Re: Could this be improved?

  • To: mathgroup at
  • Subject: [mg21776] Re: Could this be improved?
  • From: Tom Burton <tburton at>
  • Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2000 22:56:57 -0500 (EST)
  • Organization: Brahea, Inc.
  • References: <86mdpv$>
  • Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at

On 26 Jan 2000 04:12:31 -0500, in comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica you

>I wrote the following code which works correctly.  I was wondering, however,
>if there was a way of doing the same thing that had more of a Mathematica
>approach.  I am new to Mathematica and am still trying to get a grasp on how
>to program effectively within the environment.
>myMtx[v_] := Module[
>    {nCols, nRows, vPadded, c},
>    nCols = Length[v];
>    nRows = 2nCols - 1;
>    c = ZeroMatrix[nRows, nCols];
>    vPadded = PadRight[v, nRows, 0];
>    For[i = 1, i <= nCols, i++,
>      c[[All, i]] = vPadded;
>      vPadded = RotateRight[vPadded]
>      ];
>    c
>    ]

Here is your function on a small vector,

In[72]:= myMtx[{a, b, c}]
Out[72]= {{a, 0, 0}, {b, a, 0},
          {c, b, a}, {0, c, b}, {0, 0, c}}
and on a large one.

In[70]:= Timing[y = myMtx[Range[1000]]; 
Out[70]= {1.562 Second, Null}

Out[71]={1999, 1000}

Here is a modification that lets the NestList function do the work of
repeated rotation and accumulation of the results.

myMatrix1[v_List] := 
  With[{n = Length[v] - 1}, 
   Transpose[NestList[RotateRight, PadRight[v, 2*n + 1, 0], n]]
In[78]:= myMatrix1[{a, b, c}]
Out[78]= {{a, 0, 0}, {b, a, 0}, 
          {c, b, a}, {0, c, b}, {0, 0, c}}
It runs about three times faster and is far easier to read, once you get
used to NestList.

In[76]:= Timing[y = myMatrix1[Range[1000]]; ]
Out[76]={0.481 Second, Null}

In[77]:= Dimensions[y]
Out[77]= {1999, 1000}

If NestList seems a bit strange, try the Table function:

myMatrix2[v_List] := 
 With[{n = Length[v] - 1},
  With[{pv = PadRight[v, 2*n+1, 0]},
   Transpose[Table[RotateRight[pv, j], {j,0,n}]]

myMatrix2 is at least as fast and perhaps easier to read at first than

An important facet of "the Mathematica approach" is to let a function
like Table or NestList assemble a result all at once, rather than
declaring space for the result (e.g., with ZeroMatrix) and then filling
it incrementally.
Tom Burton

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