Length of cubic polynomial (spline) ?

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg4886] Length of cubic polynomial (spline) ?
• From: "Julian Bushell" <jbush at globalnet.co.uk>
• Date: Thu, 26 Sep 1996 22:42:34 -0400
• Organization: Inspira Limited
• Sender: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com

```I have a computer problem.

I need to know the length of a cubic polynomial.

I'm actually using Catmull-Rom splines to describe the path of an object
with a known velocity.
I need to be able to travel along this spline a given distance for each
frame.

/  P(i-1) \
C(t) = [t³ t² t 1] B  |  P(i)   |
|  P(i+1) |
\ P(i+2) /

where P is the interpolated points and B is the matrix

/ -0.5  1.5 -1.5  0.5 \
B =    |  1.0 -2.5  2.0 -0.5 	|
| -0.5  0.0  0.5  0.0  |
\  0.0  1.0  0.0  0.0 /

Equation form

C(t) = (-0.5*t³ + 1.0*t² - 0.5*t) * P(i-1) +
( 1.50*t³ - 2.5t² + 1.0) * P(i)   +
(-1.5*t³ + 2.0*t² + 0.5*t) * P(i+1) +
(0.5*t³ - 0.5*t²)* P(i+2)

Since P are constant numbers. Polynomials in x and in y can be formed.

I need to know the length of the curve for any t value (especially the
entire length i.e. from t=0 to t=1).

Please note that this is required for real-time computer processing so
speed is essential.

Any help will be much appreciated, thank you.

jbush at globalnet.co.uk

==== [MESSAGE SEPARATOR] ====

```

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