       Re: Replacing list elements while retaining structure

• To: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
• Subject: [mg73996] Re: Replacing list elements while retaining structure
• From: Jens-Peer Kuska <kuska at informatik.uni-leipzig.de>
• Date: Mon, 5 Mar 2007 04:49:35 -0500 (EST)
• References: <esdj70\$olc\$1@smc.vnet.net>

```Hi,

with

structurize[expr_, repl_] :=
Block[{replaceList = repl, doReplace},
doReplace[a_List] := doReplace /@ a;
doReplace[a_] /; replaceList =!= {} :=
Module[{f}, f = First[replaceList];
replaceList = Rest[replaceList];
f];
doReplace[{a_List, b__}] :=
{doReplace[a], Sequence @@ doReplace[{b}]};
doReplace[a_] := a;
doReplace[expr]
]

structurize[{x, x, {{x}, x}, x}, {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}]

gives

{1, 2, {{3}, 4}, 5}

Regards
Jens

> Okay, so I have two lists, X and Y.  X has some complex structure
> which is important, but the values contained in X are not important.
> Y has values that are important, but the structure of Y is not.  I was
> to sequentially replace all the elements in X with the elements of Y.
>
> It's assumed that X and Y have the same total number of elements, i.e.
> Length[Flatten[X]] == Length[Flatten[Y]]
>
> Here is an example:
>
> In:=
> structurize[{x,x,{{x},x},x},{1,2,3,4,5}]
>
> Out=
> {1,2,{{3},4},5}
>
> This is what I have so far:
>
> structurize[X_List, Y_List] := ReplacePart[X, Flatten[Y], Position[X,
> a_ /; \
>       Table[{i}, {i, 1, Length[
>         Flatten[Y]]}]] /; Length[Flatten[X]] == Length[Flatten[Y]]
>
> This works fine so long as the elements of X are atomic expressions;
> however, if there is an element of X which is a more complicated
> expression, like x^2, then this function does not work as desired
> because the pattern in Position[] matches x^2 as well as x and 2.  Is
> there a way to avoid matching parts of a subexpression?  Is there a
> better way to approach the problem from the get-go?
>