[Date Index]
[Thread Index]
[Author Index]
Re: Re: Which editor do you use for math articles
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg95520] Re: [mg95426] Re: Which editor do you use for math articles
*From*: Murray Eisenberg <murray at math.umass.edu>
*Date*: Tue, 20 Jan 2009 05:50:24 -0500 (EST)
*Organization*: Mathematics & Statistics, Univ. of Mass./Amherst
*References*: <200901161109.GAA14132@smc.vnet.net> <200901171027.FAA14287@smc.vnet.net> <op.unw1jsv7tgfoz2@bobbys-imac.local> <200901181031.FAA13919@smc.vnet.net> <op.uny2v0v0tgfoz2@bobbys-imac.local> <4973AD96.4090909@math.umass.edu> <op.unzpiovktgfoz2@bobbys-imac.local>
*Reply-to*: murray at math.umass.edu
TeX is NOT a version of HTML. Like HTML, though, it is a mark-up
language; but this mark-up languages emphasizes especially logical
mark-up (with the details as to how things should actually look handled
by the relevant macros and packages that designers have created). For
example (when using LaTeX):
\documentclass{article}
says to typeset the document in the "article" style (as opposed to the
book style, e.g.).
\section{The first big thing}
creates a numbered section header, with an appropriately larger and
(perhaps) bolded title "The first big thing", places appropriate spacing
before and after the title, and creates a corresponding entry in a table
of contents (in case one includes a command to include the contents).
this is a \emph{really} big idea
is typeset so as to put the word "really" (by default) in italics.
\begin{equation}
\int_0^{\infty} e^{-t^2}\,dt = \frac{\sqrt{\pi}}{2}
\end{equation}
creates a sequentially-numbered, centered equation displayed on a
separate line saying the same thing as what the Mathematica front end
renders as the value of:
HoldForm[Integrate[Exp[-t^2], {t,0,\[Infinity]}]==Sqrt[\[Pi]]/2]
LaTeX automatically justifies lines (including automatically
hyphenating) and balancing lines on pages much the way a professional
typesetter would do.
To say more than this would go WAY beyond the proper topic of this
newsgroup! Please take a look at the examples linked from he URLs I
provided in my early posting.
DrMajorBob wrote:
> What I find odd is using a text editor for this.
>
> Is TeX a version of HTML, then?
>
> Bobby
>
> On Sun, 18 Jan 2009 16:30:46 -0600, Murray Eisenberg
> <murray at math.umass.edu> wrote:
>
>> What you say is both true and non-true! A commercial package such as
>> PC TeX is a single application that includes the editor, previewer, etc.
>>
>> On the other hand, the origin of TeX is in the *nix world, so the
>> paradigm persists of a separate tool for each task: a text editor;
>> the executable TeX engine itself; and a previewer (from which one
>> often does the printing). The TeX engine may itself have a version
>> that produces pdf directly, or one may use a separate tool in the
>> bundle that converts the the standard TeX device-independent output
>> .dvi file into pdf.
>>
>> The TeX engine is the analog of Mathematica's kernel; the editor and
>> previewer together form the analog of Mathematica's front end; and the
>> various TeX/LaTeX packages are analogs of specialized Mathematical
>> packages.
>>
>> With contemporary distributions, however, the separation into the
>> different tools is largely transparent to the user. The front-end
>> editor is, in a sense, the application, and you don't really have to
>> care what executable or batch file is doing what.
>>
>> About fonts: producing a high-quality font family that includes all
>> the necessary fonts for mathematics is no mean feat. That was a reason
>> that Donald Knuth originally designed TeX, because so many journal
>> articles looked plain ugly as they tried to mix and match symbols with
>> letters. And among symbols I include upper & lower-case Greek, both
>> upright and slanted, Cyrillic, "blackboard bold", Hebrew (for set
>> theory's Aleph, e.g.)
>>
>> The standard, default set of fonts is Computer Modern, which looks
>> great on-screen but can seem a bit spindly in print. Many folks who
>> are producing technical documents with mathematical symbols want a
>> different choice, and that's why the two most popular alternatives --
>> Times with MathTimes and Lucida with Lucida Math -- were developed.
>> To use those, instead of Computer Modern, one simply includes a line
>> or two of code in the document to load some packages; then, provided
>> you have the underlying fonts, everything works transparently; you do
>> have many options available that you can set for these fonts though,
>> and some even for Computer Modern, e.g., just what font to use for
>> script.
>>
>> (TeX is is used for many purposes far from math and science, and there
>> are fonts and supporting packages available for a huge number of world
>> languages.)
>>
>> It is NOT difficult at all to getting a working TeX system: my
>> TeX-naive Math 370 students all managed to do it in short order.
>>
>> But just like using Mathematica effectively takes some learning
>> effort, so using LaTeX effectively does, too.
>>
>> DrMajorBob wrote:
>>> Judging from your links, there IS no application that creates, edits,
>>> and maintains LaTex (and displays it; I forgot that part).
>>> It takes at least four different pieces of software? And dozens of
>>> extra, optional pieces? For one task?
>>> And you sometimes use a different package because it handles certain
>>> fonts, but the other package doesn't?
>>> Wow! That sounds like quite a briar patch you're suggesting.
>>> Anyway, www.tug.org/mactex/ isn't loading, and THAT'S not encouraging.
>>> I initially used TeX for early versions of my dissertation back in
>>> 1987-1989, but the writing went on hiatus when I was assigned to the
>>> Pentagon, dissertation unfinished. (Dr. Klingman, my adviser, was
>>> dying of brain cancer at the time, though I don't offer that as an
>>> excuse.) When I took up the struggle again in 1992, I used Word and
>>> its Equation Editor (later adding MathEdit because Equation Editor
>>> was only its stunted younger brother). It was a MUCH better
>>> experience than what I'd gone through with TeX, although I suppose
>>> TeX had improved in the meantime as well. Sadly, it was not long
>>> after finishing the dissertation that Word would no longer display
>>> the equations properly. (A year or two?)
>>> Still, my MS Thesis was accomplished (1983) with rub-off templates
>>> for equation symbols, so it was a very significant progression from
>>> that, to 1988 TeX, to 1992 MathEdit.
>>> Oh, and let's not forget the Wang workstations I used, 1984-1986,
>>> which handled equations better than anything I've seen since... until
>>> Mathematica.
>>> Another poster suggested LyX, and it "looks" very promising (though
>>> looks can be deceiving). It seems to do everything at once.
>>> Bobby
>>> On Sun, 18 Jan 2009 04:31:52 -0600, Murray Eisenberg
>>> <murray at math.umass.edu> wrote:
>>>
>>>> There are several distributions of TeX, which include the LaTeX macro
>>>> package along with scads of other packages that modify the default
>>>> behavior of, or add new functionality to, LaTeX. Some of these
>>>> distributions, except for Linux, include a "front end" editor that
>>>> integrates into the input -> dvi (or pdf) viewer -> print chain.
>>>>
>>>> For some recommendations, see the menu item "About Math 370" at:
>>>>
>>>> http://bcrc.bio.umass.edu/courses/fall2008/math/math370/
>>>>
>>>> And you may be interested in the items under "LaTeX resources" at
>>>> that site.
>>>>
>>>> For a more complete listing of TeX/LaTeX distributions
>>>>
>>>> http://www.latex-project.org/ftp.html
>>>>
>>>> and the links there.
>>>>
>>>> There are both free and commercial distributions.
>>>>
>>>> For an easy-to-install Windows distribution that includes a front end
>>>> editor, I recommend ProTeXt. Personally I most often use the free
>>>> MiKTeX
>>>> distribution (which is part of ProTeXt) together with the low-cost
>>>> front
>>>> end editor WinEdt (which is more powerful than the editor that comes
>>>> with ProTeXt but is more complicated to configure). Sometimes I use the
>>>> nicely integrated, commercial PCTeX system (www.pctex.com) just because
>>>> some of the LaTeX packages it includes make it much easier to use the
>>>> non-default Lucida fonts or the MathTime Pro fonts.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> DrMajorBob wrote:
>>>>> What application creates, edits, and maintains LaTex?
>>>>>
>>>>> Sign me curious,
>>>>> Bobby
>>>>>
>>>>> On Sat, 17 Jan 2009 04:27:37 -0600, Murray Eisenberg
>>>>> <murray at math.umass.edu> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> If you want an interactive document, then there's little, if
>>>>>> anything,
>>>>>> that can touch Mathematica.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> If you want a more-or-less static document, then the gold standard in
>>>>>> the mathematical community, and in a good part of the scientific
>>>>>> community, is LaTeX. You can include any Mathematica-produced graphic
>>>>>> there by exporting it as EPS.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> And LaTeX documents today typically wind up as PDF, with embedded
>>>>>> hyperlinks and even animation and some interactive effects.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> TL wrote:
>>>>>>> Although Mathematica 7 is a very powerful peace of software as
>>>>>>> far as
>>>>>>> the computational part goes it turns out to be quite limited and
>>>>>>> unstable when it comes to word editing and processing, despite the
>>>>>>> claims in the help that it is almost as powerful as WinWord.
>>>>>>> For example it crashed multiple times on me while I was trying to
>>>>>>> setup
>>>>>>> the right fonts and sizes, as a result I lost all my work several
>>>>>>> times, it also messed up my fonts, sizes, styles, settings for the
>>>>>>> equations, its undo is totally useless and I couldn't figure out
>>>>>>> how to
>>>>>>> format a text and a graphic in two or more columns and display
>>>>>>> them side
>>>>>>> by side in a notebook as well as how to control what goes on what
>>>>>>> page
>>>>>>> and while printing to PDF often it wouldn't print all pages, but
>>>>>>> just
>>>>>>> the first 2-3.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> All that said I'm wondering what program to use to write my work
>>>>>>> in, and
>>>>>>> I'm asking for advice - is WinWord any better when it comes to
>>>>>>> handling
>>>>>>> equations?
>>>>>>> Any other choices?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> What is the best way to export Mathematica 7 equations and graphics?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>
>
>
>
--
Murray Eisenberg murray at math.umass.edu
Mathematics & Statistics Dept.
Lederle Graduate Research Tower phone 413 549-1020 (H)
University of Massachusetts 413 545-2859 (W)
710 North Pleasant Street fax 413 545-1801
Amherst, MA 01003-9305
Prev by Date:
**Re: Finding a sine wave**
Next by Date:
**Re: Interval arithmetic and Dependency problems**
Previous by thread:
**Re: Re: Which editor do you use for math articles**
Next by thread:
**Re: Which editor do you use for math articles**
| |