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Re: When is x^y = != E^(y*Log[x])
*To*: mathgroup at smc.vnet.net
*Subject*: [mg66262] Re: When is x^y = != E^(y*Log[x])
*From*: "Nagu" <thogiti at gmail.com>
*Date*: Sat, 6 May 2006 01:54:35 -0400 (EDT)
*References*: <e3f555$s5h$1@smc.vnet.net>
*Sender*: owner-wri-mathgroup at wolfram.com
x^y = exp(y*log(x)) is the y-th power function of the complex number x
and log(x) denotes a branch of logarithm.
x^y is a multifunction and have many definitions to denote y-th power
of x.
A general form would look like,
x^y = ( exp(y*ln|x| + i y*arg(x)) )*(exp(i 2*pi*y))^k, where k is a
complex number.
If a y-th power function, x^y defined on an open set S, and is
continuous on S, then it is a branch of the y-th power function.
Note that S does not contain the point zero as its epsilon-neighborhood
has many preimages.
The principal branch can be defined as follows:
x^y = ( exp(y*ln|x| + i y*arg(x)) ), for -pi < arg(x) < pi
This definition is consistent with the definition if y is integer, it
is same as a polynomial.
If y = 1/n, then our principal branch is same as the inverse of x^n.
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